Almeria Travel Guide and Spain travel tips

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Almeria

The province of Almeria is situated in the autonomous region of Andalusia, located in the south of Spain. It’s a very popular province to spend our holidays, with large natural areas and several different places to visit.

The origin of the city dates back to the year 955 after our era, at the height of the Muslim dominion it had an important role during the Arab empire, and managed to be become the most important port of al-Andalus, Almeria was a province that gained great commercial and cultural importance during the Muslim reign.

After the Christian conquest in the year 1489, the population and the cultural splendour of the city of Almeria began to diminish, partially due to earthquakes, plagues or pirate incursions and due to the Christianity that was going through the darkest hour of its history. We can’t speak of a recovery until the late 19th century, where the mining sector and the grape cultivation helped Almeria to recover little by little. It was as from 1960 when the tourist boom provided Almeria with the economic growth it needed to regain a relevant position in Andalusia.

Cabo de Gata-Nijar in Almeria

History of Almeria

The archaeologists have found remains of back to the middle Palaeolithic, probably these primitive populations settled on the Alcazaba hill. They have also found remains that indicate a stable Phoenician presence.

The roman empire turned Almeria into one of the most important ports in the south of the ancient Hispania, a very frequented port by the traders. Almeria was a prosperous city until the fall of the roman empire, being occupied by the Vandals, the Visigoths and finally the Byzantines.

The Arab entrance to the south of Spain and the al-Andalus empire caused the entrance of the Muslims in Almeria, there is evidence of this entry in the late 8th century and dominated the province until the year 1488.

During the Arab reign the province became an important cultural and commercial focal point, with its port as one of the most important of al-Andalus.

The entrance of the Christian armies arrived with a crisis that caused the abandonment of the inhabitants of the city and the whole province of Almeria. There was a Moorish revolt by those Arabs converted to Christianity that had been distributed all around Andalusia, which was indirectly provoked by the strong demands of the church and the sentiment of second-class citizen they had.

During the entrance of the 18th century and the disappearance of the Berber pirates, Almeria managed to grow little by little thanks to the fishing sector and the mining exploitation, creating new population settlements that formed districts.

It wasn’t until the end of Franco’s dictatorship that Almeria finally lifted off thanks to the vine cultivation and the tourism, which as from 1960 experienced an important increase in the south of Spain.

Almeria climate

With a particularly dry climate, Almeria is characterised by the great amount of sunny days a year in which it has plenty of sun and mild temperatures during the winter, while the summers are hot. Almeria is one of the sunniest cities in Europe with semi-deserted areas where a great amount of western movies have been filmed.

Almeria beaches

The majority of the beaches in Almeria are low and sandy, although we’ll also be able to find cliffs of great height the closer we find ourselves to the Sierra de Gador.

The more than 200 kilometres of coast in Almeria are divided into beaches and cliffs of different sizes and characteristics, being the ones near the city to have a higher occupation (San Miguel beach, Zapillo and the Nueva Almeria beach)

The coast of Almeria is divided into the areas of Poniente, Almeria, Cabo de Gata and Levante.

We highlight Cabo de Gata, in the municipality of Nijar, with a great variety of beaches and unspoilt coves where many tourists go to practise nudism due to this area’s tranquillity. In Almeria there is a great amount of nudist beaches where it’s worth highlighting the beauty of the scenery, such as 'La Cala de la Media Luna' (the Cove of the Half-Moon).

Many of the beaches in Almeria are only accessible by car, which is why we recommend to hire a car in Almeria to be able to enjoy more freedom when it comes to deciding the best beach.

More information about Almeria

To know more about Almeria visit our related links on the left or the websites below:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Almería

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